Tourism Places in Nainital

Nainital

Nainital is a tourist town in India located in the state of Uttarakhand. Nainital district holds a special place in the Kumaon region. Nainital counts in major regions of the country. Even today Nainital district has the highest rhythm. It is called the Lake District of India, because it is surrounded by lakes all over the place. The word The word 'Naini' means eyes and 'Taal' means lake. Nainital, the city of lakes, is a famous tourist destination of Uttarakhand. Nestled amidst snow-capped mountains, this place is surrounded by lakes. The most prominent of these is the lake Naini, after which the place is named Nainital. Hence it is also called the city of lakes. Nainital is very beautiful.
 
Tourism Places in Nainital
Tourism Places in Nainital

Geography

Nainital is a city situated amidst the Kumaon hills of the Himalayas. The total height of Nainital is about 1938 meters (6358 ft) above sea level. There is a lake in the valley of Nainital which is known as Naini Lake. This lake is surrounded by mountains from all four sides and its total circumference is about two miles. Naina Peak has the highest peak in the north of the hill around the lake, which is high (2615 m (8579 ft)), while Devpatha (2438 m (7999 ft)) on the west side and Ayar Patha (2278 m (in the south). 7474 ft)) is located.
In summer, the population of Nainital is more than five times its total population, mainly due to the tourists coming from the plains. In winter, Nainital experiences snowfall between December and February and during this time the temperature ranges from a maximum of 15 ° C (59 ° F) to a minimum of -3 ° C (27 ° F).
 Nainital is the main attraction center of the district. Here Nainital is situated at an elevation of 1937 meters above sea level in the foothills of tall mountains under the shade of dense trees from all three sides. The length of this pool is estimated at 1,358 meters, width 656 meters and depth from 15 to 158 meters. The special feature of Nainital Lake is that the entire range and shade of trees is clearly visible in this pool. The reflection of the clouds on the sky is so beautiful in this pond that nature lovers from hundreds of kilometers come to Nainital to see it. And the beauty of the night adds beauty to the rhythm of Nainital. Its water becomes green in summer, beige in rain and light blue in winter.



History

In ancient times, Kumaon was divided into several small princely states, and the Nainital region was under different branches of a Khasia family. The Chand dynasty was the first dynasty to gain dominion over Kumaon. The founder of this dynasty was Som Chand from Jhusi, located near Allahabad, who, around the seventh century, married the daughter of the Katyuri king, and was given the land of Champawat city as well as Bhabar and Terai as a dowry. By establishing his capital at Champawat, Som Chand and his descendants gradually began invading and then seizing the surrounding areas.
From where the Chand dominion over the whole of Kumaon extended, but it took many centuries to complete, and Bhimtal, which is only 13 miles from Nainital, there was a thirteenth century Triloki Chand to protect its borders. The fort was built. But at that time, Nainital itself was not under Chand rule, and was adjacent to the western border of the state. In 1720, under the reign of Raja Udyan Chand, the western boundary of the Chand kingdom extended to the Koshi and Suyal rivers, but Ramgarh and Kota were still under former Khasia rule. Kirat Chand, who ruled from 14 to 1503, and expanded his territory, finally able to establish authority over Nainital and the surrounding region, an attempt by the Khasia kings to regain their independence. In 1580, led by a Khasia of Ramgarh, he enjoyed a brief moment of success, but was subdued by Balo Kalyan Chand with ruthless seriousness. Little or no effort was made on the administration of the hilly region in this period. All the palaces of Kumaon mentioned in Ain-e-Akbari are located in the plains. During the reign of Devi Chand, who became king in 1720, Kumaon was invaded by the Raja of Garhwal, but he did not occupy the territory. Twenty years later, the Kumaon hills were invaded again, this time by the Ruhels, with whom a war broke out in the year 173. While fighting Ruhela sneaked up to Bhimtal, and looted it. However, he was eventually bought over by the Raja of Garhwal, who then formed a temporary alliance with the then king Kalyan Chand of Kumaon. Another attack, two years later, was repulsed by Kalyan Chand's prime minister, Shiv Dev Joshi. With the death of Kalyan Chand in 16, the power of the kings of Kumaun began to wane. The next king became his son Deep Chand, an extremely weak young man whose interests were purely religious and who devoted himself to the construction of temples. He also built the Bhimeshwar temple located in Bhimtal. However, Shiva Dev Joshi was still the Prime Minister, and Kumaon continued to prosper during his lifetime. He was killed by mutant soldiers in 16, and from that date all the plains had become practically independent of the mountainous kingdom of Kumaon. After the death of Shiva Dev Joshi, the affairs of Kumaun became more confused, where there was another erstwhile queen (wife of Deep Chand), and on the other side Mohan Singh, a young Rautela. The next In a few years, Mohan Singh succeeded in killing Deep Chand and his two sons in 18 after killing Rani. He then proclaimed himself king as Mohan Chand. The rule of Mohan Chand, known for the persecution of the Joshi family, lasted until 179, when Kumaon was invaded by Lalit Shah, the king of Garhwal, who occupied the region and placed his son, Pradyuman, on the throne. Mohan Chand fled and Joshi, of whom Harkha Dev was now the chief, joined the new king's principal advisers. Pradyuman attempted to annex Garhwal to his newly acquired state of Kumaon and to take the capital to Srinagar. During his absence, Mohan Chand again surfaced. There was a war between him and the Joshis, who were loyal to the Garhwal rule. Mohan Chand was killed, but was replaced by his brother, Lal Singh, and in 16 the Joshi people were badly defeated near Bhimtal, after which Lal Singh became supreme, killing most of the Joshis. . With the help of the defeated Harkha Dev Joshi, the Gurkhas invaded Kumayun, and succeeded in subjugating it in recent years by taking advantage of the confusion that had arisen due to the battles of several rival factions across the state. During the Gurkha rule, very little work was done in the area. Their policy was repression, although administration in Kumaon was less severe than in Garhwal. Gorkha domination did not last long. In 1714, the British government drew its attention to Kumaon. The East India Company was interested in the hills, owing to the hemp growing there, a large amount of which passed through the company's factory in Kashipur. The then Governor-General, Lord Hastings, attempted to deport Kumaon peacefully, and Gardner was sent from Delhi for negotiations with Bum Sah, the Governor of Kumaon. These negotiations failed, and, in early 1815, war was declared. Nepal was defeated in the war and the British attained the suzerainty of Kumaon in December 1815. With headquarters at Almora, Gardner was appointed the first commissioner of Kumaon, but was replaced shortly after by Trail. Trail, whose administration was practically unchanged by any central authority, remained the commissioner until 1730. After him Colonel Govan was made the next Commissioner, after which in 1839 Lushington became the next Commissioner. In 18, Batten became commissioner, and after him, in 1858, Captain Ramsay became the next commissioner, who later became Major General Sir Henry Ramsay. Sir Henry Ramsay was commissioner for twenty-eight years.

Tourist Spot

Naina Devi Temple is situated on the banks of Naini Lake. The Shakti form of Sati is worshiped here. The temple has two eyes which depict Naina Devi. It is believed that when Lord Shiva was going to Mount Kailash with the dead body of Sati, Shaktipeeths were established wherever his body parts fell. Goddess Sati's eye fell on Naini Lake. Inspired by this, this temple has been established. The infinite grace of Mother Naina Devi is always on her devotees
Isht Devi-Nanda Devi
The only favored goddess of all Garhwal-Kumaon is 'Nanda'. The manner in which Nanda is worshiped and archana is done in this mountain region, if you look at the texture of Nainital's rhythm, it is the 'rhythm' of the shape of the eye. Due to its mythological importance, the superiority of this pool is highly regarded. The goddess Naini (Nanda) has been worshiped here since the Purana era.

Naini Lake

The main attraction of Nainital is the lake here. Millions of domestic and foreign tourists visit here to enjoy boating in this beautiful lake. The reflection of the surrounding mountains is visible in the lake water. When there is light of bulbs all around at night, then its beauty increases even more. The north shore of the lake is tapped by the Mallittal and the southern shore. There is a bridge here where Gandhiji's statue and post office are. It is the only bridge in the world where the post office is. There is also a bus station, taxi stand and railway reservation counter on this bridge which is very crowded. At the northern end of the river is the Naina Devi temple.

Talli and Malli Tal

There are roads on either side of the pool of Nainital. Malla part of the pool is called Mallital and lower part is called Tallital. There is an open ground of flat in Mallital. During the evening, when the whole of Nainital starts to glow in the light of the urban electricity, it seems as if the whole city has been drowned in this rhythm. In the evening, there is a flow of tourists coming from Tallital to Mallital. Similarly, the convoy of nature lovers from Mallital to Tallital (Mall Road) is worth seeing.
Nainital is a favorite city of tourists, tourists, paddlers and mountaineers, which is visited by thousands of people every year.

Mall Road

Mall Road, now called Govind Ballabh Pant Marg. There are many hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, shops and banks here. This road is a center of attraction for tourists. The Mall Road is the main link connecting Mallittal and Tallital. On the other side of the lake is a cold road. This road is not as busy as the Mall Road. There is also a Pashan Devi temple here. Vehicles are not allowed on the cold road.

Aerial ropeway

This ropeway is the main attraction of Nainital. It connects Snow View Point and Nainital. The ropeway starts from Mallital. There are two trolleys that carry the riders. The ropeway gives a beautiful view of the city

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