The Holy City of Varanasi

The Holy City of Varanasi

Varanasi is a famous city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is also called 'Banaras' and 'Kashi'. It is considered one of the most sacred cities in Hinduism. According to ancient beliefs, its name is derived from the merging of the names of the rivers Varanasi, Varuna and Asi !, which used to flow here in ancient times, is considered the most sacred city in Hinduism and is called the liberated region.
The Holy City of Varansi
The Holy City of Varanasi

Kashi Naresh (Maharaja of Kashi) is the chief cultural patron of Varanasi city and an integral part of all religious activities. The culture of Varanasi has an unbroken relationship with the river Ganges and its religious significance. This city has been the cultural and religious center of India, especially North India, for thousands of years. The Banaras Gharana of Hindustani classical music was born and developed in Varanasi itself. City settled in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India on the banks of the Ganges River. Apart from this, this is also considered sacred in Buddhism and Jainism. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and the oldest inhabited city in India.

 bis often referred to with adjectives like 'city of temples', 'religious capital of India', 'city of Lord Shiva', 'city of lamps', 'city of knowledge'.

The sacred journey of the religious capital of India, Varanasi, also known as Banaras and Kashi, has an unbreakable and important relationship with the river Ganges and its religious significance. Many ancient to ancient stories are associated with Varanasi. Varanasi is a city of literature, art, temples, and culture.


Countless temples Varanasi is a city where you will find innumerable temples dedicated to Shaivism and Vaishnavism. Both these religions are forms of Hin
duism that are present here in harmony. It is also a major center of Jainism as Parshvanath, the 23rd Tirthankara, was born here.

  Varanasi is the city of temples. A temple will be found at almost every intersection. Along with this, there are many big temples here, which were built from time to time in the history of Varanasi. Among these, Kashi Dhundiraj Ganesh Annapurna Temple, Sankatmochan, Tulsi Manas Temple, Naya Vishwanath Temple, Vishwanath Temple, Kaal Bhairav, Durga Ji's Temple, Bharatmata Temple, Sankatha Devi Temple, and Vishalakshi Temple are prominent.

The Holy City of Varanasi

The Holy City of Varanasi

Kashi Vishwanath Temple, also sometimes called the Golden Temple, is located near the Dashashwamedh Ghat of the Ganges River. This temple has the highest glory in Kashi because Visvesvara or Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is establishe
d here. The sight of this Jyotirlinga is many times more fruitful than any other Jyotirlinga. The temple was demolished by the Muslim Mughal ruler Aurangzeb and converted most of it into a mosque. The temple was later rebuilt to a nearby location.

Durga Temple, also known as Monkey Temple; Made sometime in the 16th century. Due to the presence of a large number of monkeys here, it is called Monkey Temple. According to the belief, the statue of Durga was not man-made but was manifested automatically in the temple. Along with the temple, there is also a large rectangular water tank, which is called Durga Kund. The temple has a multi-story peak, it is built with ocher. Its red color signifies strength. The Kund was earlier connected to the river, so that its water was kept fresh, but later this source canal was closed, which keeps the stagnant water in it and its source is just the evacuation of the Abav Shishya or temple.

The Sankat Mochan temple is dedicated to Ram devotee Hanuman and is popular among the locals. Many religious and cultural events are held here annually.

Holy city

Varanasi or Kashi has been described as the holiest city in Hinduism. The major attraction here is the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, in which the main Shivling of twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva is established here.

The Vishalakshi Temple, one of the fifty-one Shaktipeeth is located here, where Manikarnika fell to the ear of Bhagwati Sati. The place is located near the Manikarnika Ghat. In Hinduism, people of the Shakta faith also consider Goddess Ganga as the incarnation of power.

Varanasi is one of the holiest sites in Buddhism, here Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Lumbini. Off the main city of Varanasi is Sarnath, where Lord Buddha gave his first sermon. In it, he described the fundamental principles of Buddhism. There are only a few remaining of the pre-Ashoka stupas, one of which Dhamek Stupa still stands here, besides the Chaukhandi Stupa, where Buddha met his first disciples.

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